Special Services

Mrs. Renee Carter, Special Education Coordinator is responsible for the management of Special Education, Psychological Services, Homebound/Hospital Services, Preschool Services and Gifted Education, and Section 504.

The purpose of the Division of Special Services is to promote opportunities for all students served under the mandates of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Gifted Education, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 to achieve their maximum individuality by becoming productive participants in society.

Washington County Schools provide a wide variety of services to meet the needs of students, ages three through twenty-one, who have been identified as disabled.

Disabilities recognize by the State of Alabama include: 

Deaf-Blindness is concomitant hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that the child cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with hearing or visual impairments.

Emotional Disability is a characterized by behavioral or emotional responses so different from appropriate age, cultural, environmental, or ethnic norms that the child’s educational performance is adversely affected. Characteristics must be exhibited over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects educational performance.

Autism is a developmental disability that significantly affects verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction generally evident before age three that adversely affects educational performance.

Developmental Delay is a disability that adversely affects daily life and/or educational performance in one or more developmental areas (adaptive, cognitive, communication, social/emotional, and/or physical) and results in the need for special education and related services.

Hearing Impairment is an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. This term includes both deaf and hard-of hearing children.

Intellectual Disability is defined as significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with significant limitations in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period that adversely affects the child's educational performance.

Multiple Disabilities refers to concomitant impairments, the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that the child cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments.

Orthopedic Impairment is a severe orthopedic impairment which adversely affects educational performance. This includes impairments caused by congenital abnormality (e.g., spina bifida), disease (e.g., Poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis), and impairments from other causes (e.g., fractures or burns that cause contractures, amputation, cerebral palsy).

Other Health Impairment is defined as having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, asthma, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette Syndrome. Having a medical diagnosis alone is not enough to justify being identified in the area of Other Health Impairment. The impairment must adversely affect educational performance.

Specific Learning Disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations.

Speech or Language Impairment is a communication disorder in the area of articulation, voice, fluency, or language that adversely affects a child's educational performance

Services provided to any given child are based upon that child's individual needs. Our mandate is to assure that each child receives a free, appropriate, public education. Special education services are designed to provide the support necessary to allow a child to develop meaningful  from his or her educational experience.

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